The war that started in 1992 between Muslims, Croats and Serbs which lasted four years in what seemed a lifetime. During the four years over 200,000 Bosnians were killed and millions displaced across the world. Since then the country has been trying to pick up the pieces. Because no one has a magic formula for rebuilding a country, Bosnia has become the poorest country in Europe since its war ended in 1995.
The whole idea behind the start of the 1992 war was Bosnian Serbs and Croats taking up arms against Muslims in order to prevent Bosnia breaking away from Yugoslavia, yet the international community hesitate for four years as thousands of innocent civilians were killed. Eventually the US stepped in; they got the furious leaders from all three parties to sign a peace agreement in Dayton Ohio at the end of 1995 in what became the Dayton Ohio Peace Agreement which still haunts Bosnia nearly 17 years later.
The kicker to the whole deal was the appointment of the “High Representative.” With a single country consisting of two entities (Bosnian and Croat Federation vs. RS) and three religions, the deal balanced power so carefully any community can block the will of everyone else. In other words making it hard for any of the two entities to move forward. But let’s not forget the “High Representative, who happens to be today a gentlemen by the name of Valentin Inzko who holds the ultimate authority and the so-called ‘Bonn’ powers to impose decisions to keep Bosnia running.
Now there’s a problem – Bosnian Serbs don’t like this and find Mr. Inzko very upsetting due to his idea of the country being shared by all three nations – Bosnian, Croats and Serbs.
This has lead Milorad Dodik, the RS leader to talk about breaking away and has even made reference to calling a referendum in 2014 in hopes of of RS breaking away from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Mr. Dodik believes that Bosnia’s current government structure is not working, and this past October went on a limb by asking the RS parliament to discuss the option of abolition of Bosnia’s army – a move that hasn’t sat well with Mr. Inzko. This eventually lead Mr. Inzko to write to the UN Secretary general warning them about Mr. Dodik and his fascination of unraveling Bosnia – a move that can spin Bosnia into the same conflict of 1992.
So, is Bosnia heading towards another conflict? Is Mr. Dodik a serious threat to Bosnia? or is the High Representative bullying the Bosnian Serbs? We have our own opinions which we would rather not share on here. But this interview by Sami Zeidan of Aljazeera Network may give you a little insight into the issue and a clearer picture of who stands where.